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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 28, Number 1, January10 2008 , pages 1-18

Reliability considerations in bridge pier scouring
M. Muzzammil , N. A. Siddiqui and A. F. Siddiqui

    The conventional design of bridge piers against scour uses scour equations which involve number of uncertain flow, sediments and structural parameters. The inherent high uncertainties in these parameters suggest that the reliability of piers must be assessed to ensure desirable safety of bridges against scour. In the present study, a procedure for the reliability assessment of bridge piers, installed in main and flood channels, against scour has been presented. To study the influence of various random variables on piers? reliability sensitivity analysis has been carried out. To incorporate the reliability in the evaluation of safety factor, a simplified relationship between safety factor and reliability index has been proposed. Effects of clear water (flood channel) and live bed scour (main channel) are highlighted on pier reliability. In addition to these, an attempt has also been made to explain the failure of Black mount bridge of New Zealand based on its pier?s reliability analysis. Some parametric studies have also been included to obtain the results of practical interest.
Key Words
    piers; scouring; bridges; reliability; FORM; Monte Carlo Simulation.
Department of Civil Engineering, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, 202 002, India

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