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Structural Engineering and Mechanics   Volume 16, Number 6, December 2003, pages 749-769
Analytical model of corrosion-induced cracking of concrete considering the stiffness of reinforcement
Kapilesh Bhargava, A. K. Ghosh, Yasuhiro Mori and S. Ramanujam

Abstract     [Buy Article]
    The structural deterioration of concrete structures due to reinforcement corrosion is a major worldwide problem. Service life of the age-degraded concrete structures is governed by the protective action provided by the cover concrete against the susceptibility of the reinforcement to the corrosive environment. The corrosion of steel would result in the various corrosion products, which depending on the level of the oxidation may have much greater volume than the original iron that gets consumed by the process of corrosion. This volume expansion would be responsible for exerting the expansive radial pressure at the steel-concrete interface resulting in the development of hoop tensile stresses in the surrounding cover concrete. Once the maximum hoop tensile stress exceeds the tensile strength of the concrete, cracking of cover concrete would take place. The cracking begins at the steel-concrete interface and propagates outwards and eventually resulting in the through cracking of the cover concrete. The cover cracking would indicate the loss of the service life for the corrosion-affected structures. In the present paper, analytical models have been developed considering the residual strength of the cracked concrete and the stiffness provided by the combination of the reinforcement and expansive corrosion products. The problem is modeled as a boundary value problem and the governing equations are expressed in terms of the radial displacement. The analytical solutions are presented considering a simple 2-zone model for the cover concrete viz. cracked or uncracked. A sensitivity analysis has also been carried out to show the influence of the various parameters of the proposed models. The time to cover cracking is found to be function of initial material properties of the cover concrete and reinforcement plus corrosion products combine, type of rust products, rate of corrosion and the residual strength of the cover concrete. The calculated cracking times are correlated against the published experimental and analytical reference data.
Key Words
    expansive corrosion products; time to cover cracking; steel-concrete interface; porous zone; internal radial pressure; residual strength; tension-softening.
Kapilesh Bhargava and A. K. Ghosh
Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Trombay, Mumbai 400 085, India

Yasuhiro Mori
Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan

S. Ramanujam
Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Trombay, Mumbai 400 085, India

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