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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 10, Number 1, July 2000, pages 53-66
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/sem.2000.10.1.053
 


Load-carrying capacities and failure modes of scaffold-shoring systems, Part I: Modeling and experiments
Huang YL, Chen HJ, Rosowsky DV, Kao YG

 
Abstract
    This paper proposes a simple numerical model for use in a finite analysis (FEA) of scaffold-shoring systems. The structural model consists of a single set of multiple-story scaffolds with constraints in the out-of-plane direction at every connection joint between stories. Although this model has only two dimensions (termed the 2-D model), it is derived from the analysis of a complete scaffold-shoring system and represents the structural behavior of a complete three-dimensional system. Experimental testing of scaffolds up to three stories in height conducted in the laboratory, along with an outdoor test of a five-story scaffold system, were used to validate the 2-D model. Both failure modes and critical loads were compared. In the comparison of failure modes, the computational results agree very well with the test results. However, in the comparison of critical loads, computational results were consistently somewhat greater than test results. The decreasing trends of critical loads with number of stories in both the test and simulation results were similar. After investigations to explain the differences between the computationally and experimentally determined critical loads, it was recommended that the 2-D model be used as the numerical model in subsequent analysis. In addition, the computational critical loads were calibrated and revised in accordance with the experimental critical loads, and the revised critical loads were then used as load-carrying capacities for scaffold-shoring systems for any number of stories. Finally, a simple procedure is suggested for determining load-carrying capacities of scaffold-shoring systems of heights other than those considered in this study.
 
Key Words
    scaffolds, shores, scaffold-shoring systems, load-carrying capacities, finite element analysis, failure modes, structural analysis
 
Address
Huang YL, Natl Chung Hsing Univ, Dept Civil Engn, Taichung 40227, Taiwan
Natl Chung Hsing Univ, Dept Civil Engn, Taichung 40227, Taiwan
Clemson Univ, Dept Civil Engn, Clemson, SC 29634 USA
 

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