Techno Press

Steel and Composite Structures   Volume 8, Number 2, April 2008, pages 115-128
Ultimate strength of rectangular concrete-filled steel tubular (CFT) stub columns under axial compression
Yan-sheng Huang, Yue-Ling Long and Jian Cai

Abstract     [Full Text]
    A method is proposed to estimate the ultimate strength of rectangular concrete-filled steel tubular (CFT) stub columns under axial compression. The ultimate strength of concrete core is determined by using the conception of the effective lateral confining pressure and a failure criterion of concrete under true triaxial compression, which takes into account the difference between the lateral confining pressure provided by the broad faces of the steel tube and that provided by the narrow faces of the steel tube. The longitudinal steel strength of broad faces and that of the narrow faces of the steel tube are calculated respectively due to that buckling tends to occur earlier and more extensively on the broader faces. Finally, the proposed method is verified with experimental results. Corresponding values of ultimate strength calculated by ACI (2005), AISC (1999) and GJB4142-2000 are given respectively for comparison. It is found from comparison that the proposed method shows a good agreement with the experimental results.
Key Words
    concrete-filled steel tubular; ultimate strength; axial compression; failure criterion; true triaxial compression.
Department of Civil Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, China

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