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Steel and Composite Structures
  Volume 7, Number 6, December 2007 , pages 469-486

Ultimate load behaviour of tapered steel plate girders
N. E. Shanmugam and Hu Min

    The paper is concerned with the behavior of tapered steel plate girders, primarily subjected to shear loading; experimental as well as finite element results obtained from the studies are presented in this paper. In the experimental study, 11 large-scale girders, one of uniform section and 10 tapered, were tested to failure and all girders were analysed by finite element method. The results are compared and the accuracy of the finite element modeling established. A parametric study was carried out with thickness of web, loading direction and taper angle as parameters. An analytical model, based on Cardiff model for girders of uniform cross-section, is also proposed in the paper.
Key Words
    plate girder; taper angle; experiment; finite element modelling; ultimate load behaviour; tension field action.
N. E. Shanmugam; Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia
Hu Min; Department of Civil Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore

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