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Steel and Composite Structures   Volume 7, Number 4, August 2007, pages 321-337
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/scs.2007.7.4.321
 
Investigation of cold-formed stainless steel non-slender circular hollow section columns
Ehab Ellobody and Ben Young

 
Abstract     [Buy Article]
    Ehab Ellobody? Department of Structural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt Ben Young? Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong (Received September 13, 2006, August 13, 2007) Abstract. The investigation on the behaviour of cold-formed stainless steel non-slender circular hollow section columns is presented in this paper. The normal strength austenitic stainless steel type 304 and the high strength duplex materials (austenitic-ferritic approximately equivalent to EN 1.4462 and UNS S31803) were considered in this study. The finite element method has been used to carry out the investigation. The columns were compressed between fixed ends at different column lengths. The geometric and material nonlinearities have been included in the finite element analysis. The column strengths and failure modes were predicted. An extensive parametric study was carried out to study the effects of normal and high strength materials on cold-formed stainless steel non-slender circular hollow section columns. The column strengths predicted from the finite element analysis were compared with the design strengths calculated using the American Specification, Australian/New Zealand Standard and European Code for cold-formed stainless steel structures. The numerical results showed that the design rules specified in the American, Australian/New Zealand and European specifications are generally unconservative for the cold-formed stainless steel non-slender circular hollow section columns of normal and high strength materials, except for the short columns and some of the high strength stainless steel columns. Therefore, different values of the imperfection factor and limiting slenderness in the European Code design rules were proposed for cold-formed stainless steel non-slender circular hollow section columns.
 
Key Words
    buckling; circular hollow sections; finite element; non-slender; normal strength; high strength; stainless steel; structural design.
 
Address
Ehab Ellobody; Department of Structural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
Ben Young; Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
 

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