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Steel and Composite Structures
  Volume 5, Number 4, August 2005 , pages 271-287

Seismic response analysis of steel frames withrnpost-Northridge connection
Ali Mehrabian, Achintya Haldar and Alfredo Reyes-Salazar

    The seismic behavior of two steel moment-resisting frames, which satisfy all the current seismicrndesign requirements, are evaluated and compared in the presence of pre-Northridge connections denoted asrnBWWF and an improved post-Northridge connections denoted as BWWF-AD. Pre-Northridge connectionsrnare modeled first as fully restrained (FR) type. Then they are considered to be partially restrained (PR) tornmodel their behavior more realistically. The improved post-Northridge connections are modeled as PR type,rnas proposed by the authors. A sophisticated nonlinear time-domain finite element program developed by thernauthors is used for the response evaluation of the frames in terms of the overall rotation of the connections and the maximum drift. The frames are excited by ten recorded earthquake time histories. These time histories are then scaled up to produce some relevant response characteristics. The behaviors of the frames are studied comprehensively with the help of 120 analyses. Following important observations are made. The frames produced essentially similar rotation and drift for the connections modeled as FR type and PR type represented by BWWF-AD indicating that the presence of slots in the web of beams in BWWF-AD is not detrimental to the overall response behavior. When the lateral displacements of the frames are significantly large, the responses are improved if BWWF-AD type connections are used in the frames. This study analytically confirms many desirable features of BWWF-AD connections. PR frames have longer periods of vibration in comparison to FR frames and may attract lower inertia forces. However, calculated periods of the frames of this study using FEMA 350 empirical equation is longer than those calculated using dynamic characteristics of the frames. This may result in even lower design forces and may adversely influence the design.
Key Words
    seismic analysis; response; nonlinear; steel frames; post-Northridge and pre-Northridge connection; beam-column connection; drift; PR and FR connection; connection rotation; stiffness; damage.
Ali Mehrabian; West Coast Research Institute, 1233 Amherst Ave, Suite 105, Los Angeles, CA 90025, USArnAchintya Haldar; Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USArnAlfredo Reyes-Salazar; Universidad Autonoma de Sinaloa, Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico

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