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Steel and Composite Structures
  Volume 49, Number 5, December 10 2023 , pages 487-502

Dynamic analysis of nanotube-based nanodevices for drug delivery in sports-induced varied conditions applying the modified theories
Shaopeng Song, Tao Zhang and Zhiewn Zhui

    In the realm of nanotechnology, the nonlocal strain gradient theory takes center stage as it scrutinizes the behavior of spinning cantilever nanobeams and nanotubes, pivotal components supporting various mechanical movements in sport structures. The dynamics of these structures have sparked debates within the scientific community, with some contending that nonlocal cantilever models fail to predict dynamic softening, while others propose that they can indeed exhibit stiffness softening characteristics. To address these disparities, this paper investigates the dynamic response of a nonlocal cantilever cylindrical beam under the influence of external discontinuous dynamic loads. The study employs four distinct models: the Euler-Bernoulli beam model, Timoshenko beam model, higher-order beam model, and a novel higher-order tube model. These models account for the effects of functionally graded materials (FGMs) in the radial tube direction, giving rise to nanotubes with varying properties. The Hamilton principle is employed to formulate the governing differential equations and precise boundary conditions. These equations are subsequently solved using the generalized differential quadrature element technique (GDQEM). This research not only advances our understanding of the dynamic behavior of nanotubes but also reveals the intriguing phenomena of both hardening and softening in the nonlocal parameter within cantilever nanostructures. Moreover, the findings hold promise for practical applications, including drug delivery, where the controlled vibrations of nanotubes can enhance the precision and efficiency of medication transport within the human body. By exploring the multifaceted characteristics of nanotubes, this study not only contributes to the design and manufacturing of rotating nanostructures but also offers insights into their potential role in revolutionizing drug delivery systems.
Key Words
    blood flow; drug delivery; nanodevices; nanotube; rotational motion; stability performance
Shaopeng Song:Sports Center, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi, China

Tao Zhang:College of Physical Education, Shaanxi University of Technology, Hanzhong, 723001, Shannxi, China

Zhiewn Zhui:Center of excellence in design and manufacturing, Tehran, Iran

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