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Steel and Composite Structures
  Volume 48, Number 4, August25 2023 , pages 405-417

Strengthening of T-beams using external steel clamps and anchored steel plates
Yunus Dere, Yasin Onuralp Ozkilic, Ali Serdar Ecemiş and Hasan Husnu Korkmaz

    In order to strengthen the reinforced concrete T-beams having insufficient shear strength, several strengthening techniques are available in the literature. In this study, three different strengthening strategies were numerically studied. First one is affixing steel plates to the beam surfaces. Second one includes tightening external steel bars vertically similar to beam stirrups. The last one is simultaneous application of these two strengthening procedures which is particularly proposed in this work. Available experimental test series in the literature were handled in the study. Finite element (FE) models of reinforced concrete beam specimens having sufficient (Beam-1) and low shear capacity (Beam-2) were created within ABAQUS environment. Strengthened beams with different techniques were also modelled to reflect improved shear capacity. FE simulations made it possible to investigate parameters that were not examined during the previous experimental studies. The results of the analyses were then compared and found consistent with the experimentally obtained data. Experimental and FEM analysis results are in agreement between 1% (closest) and 6%. (maximum). Beam-2 was stregthened with 5 new porposed methods. The rate of increase in shear strength varies between 33% and 64%. It was found that, the strengthening techniques were fairly useful in improving the shear capacity of the considered girder. The model with the proposed strengthening alternative has accomplished a higher load carrying capacity, ductility and stiffness than all of the other models.
Key Words
    finite element; nonlinear analysis; shear strengthening; steel clamp; steel plate; T-beam
Yunus Dere, Yasin Onuralp Ozkilic, Ali Serdar Ecemiş and Hasan Husnu Korkmaz:Department of Civil Engineering, Necmettin Erbakan University, 42100, Konya, Turkey

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