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Steel and Composite Structures
  Volume 45, Number 5, December10 2022 , pages 683-695

Steel hexagonal damper-brace system for efficient seismic protection of structures
Mohammad Mahdi Javidana and Jinkoo Kim

    Conventional braces are often used to provide stiffness to structures; however due to buckling they cannot be used as seismic energy dissipating elements. In this study, a seismic energy dissipation device is proposed which is comprised of a bracing member and a steel hysteretic damper made of steel hexagonal plates. The hexagonal shaped designated fuse causes formation of plastic hinges under axial deformation of the brace. The main advantages of this damper compared to conventional metallic dampers and buckling-restrained braces are the stable and controlled energy dissipation capability with ease of manufacture. The mechanical behavior of the damper is formulated first and a design procedure is provided. Next, the theoretical formulation and the efficiency of the damper are verified using finite element (FE) analyses. An analytical model of the damper is established and its efficiency is further investigated by applying it to seismic retrofit of a case study structure. The seismic performance of the structure is evaluated before and after retrofit in terms of maximum interstory drift ratio, top story displacement, residual displacement, and energy dissipation of dampers. Overall, the median of maximum interstory drift ratios is reduced from 3.8% to 1.6% and the residual displacement decreased in the x-direction which corresponds to the predominant mode shape of the structure. The analysis results show that the developed damper can provide cost-effective seismic protection of structures.
Key Words
    damping device; energy dissipation device; hysteretic damper; metallic damper; seismic performance; seismic retrofit
Mohammad Mahdi Javidana and Jinkoo Kim: Department of Global Smart City, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Republic of Korea

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