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Steel and Composite Structures
  Volume 45, Number 3, November10 2022 , pages 349-367

Post-buckling analysis of sandwich FG porous cylindrical shells with a viscoelastic core
Kamran Foroutan and Liming Dai

    In this research, an approach combining a semi-analytical method and an analytical method is presented to investigate the static and dynamic post-buckling behavior of the sandwich functionally graded (FG) porous cylindrical shells exposed to external pressure. The sandwich cylindrical shell considered is composed of a viscoelastic core and two FG porous (FGP) face layers. The viscoelastic core is made of Kelvin-Voigt-type material. The material properties of the FG porous face layer are considered continuous through each face thickness according to a porosity coefficient and a volume fraction index. Two types of sandwich FG porous viscoelastic cylindrical shells named Type A and Type B are considered in the research. Type A shell has the porosity evenly distributed across the thickness direction, and Type B has the porosity unevenly distributes across the thickness direction. The FG face layers are considered in two cases: outside metal surface, inside ceramic surface (OMSICS), and inside metal surface, outside ceramic surface (IMS-OCS). According to Donnell shell theory, von-Kármán equation, and Galerkin's method, a discretized nonlinear governing equation is derived for analyzing the behavior of the shells. The explicit expressions for static and dynamic critical buckling loading are thus developed. To study the dynamic buckling of the shells, the governing equation is examined via a numerical approach implementing the fourth-order Runge-Kutta method. With a procedure presented by Budiansky-Roth, the critical load for dynamic post-buckling is obtained. The effects of various parameters, such as material and geometrical parameters, on the post-buckling behaviors are investigated.
Key Words
    sandwich cylindrical shells; FG porous material; viscoelastic core; static and dynamic post-buckling; external pressure
Kamran Foroutan and Liming Dai:Industrial Systems Engineering, University of Regina, Regina, SK S4S 0A2, Canada

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