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Steel and Composite Structures
  Volume 39, Number 5, June10 2021 , pages 493-509

Free vibration and static analyses of metal-ceramic FG beams via high-order variational MFEM
Emrah Madenci

    There is not enough mixed finite element method (MFEM) model developed for static and dynamic analysis of functionally graded material (FGM) beams in the literature. The main purpose of this study is to develop a reliable and efficient computational modeling using an efficient functional in MFEM for free vibration and static analysis of FGM composite beams subject to high order shear deformation effects. The modeling of material properties was performed using mixture rule and Mori-Tanaka scheme which are more realistic determination techniques. This method based on the assumption that a two phase composite material consisting of matrix reinforced by spherical particles, randomly distributed in the beam. To explain the displacement components of the shear deformation effects, it was accepted that the shear deformation effects change sinusoidal. Partial differential field equations were obtained with the help of variational methods and then these equations were transformed into a novel functional for FGM beams with the help of Gâteaux differential derivative operator. Thanks to the Gâteaux differential method, the compatibility of the field equations was checked, and the field equations and boundary conditions were reflected to the function. A MFEM model was developed with a total of 10 degrees of freedom to apply the obtained functional. In the numerical applications section, free vibration and flexure problems solutions of FGM composite beams were compared with those predicted by other theories to show the effects of shear deformation, thickness changing and boundary conditions.
Key Words
    functionally graded material; finite element method; high order shear deformation beam theory; free vibration
Emrah Madenci: Department of Civil Engineering, Necmettin Erbakan University, 42140 Konya, Turkey

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