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Steel and Composite Structures
  Volume 35, Number 3, May10 2020, pages 371-384

Cracking and bending strength evaluations of steel-concrete double composite girder under negative bending action
Chen Xu, Boyu Zhang, Siwei Liu and Qingtian Su

    The steel-concrete double composite girder in the negative flexural region combines an additional concrete slab to the steel bottom flange to prevent the local steel buckling, however, the additional concrete slab may lower down the neutral axis of the composite section, which is a sensitive factor to the tensile stress restraint on the concrete deck. This is actually of great importance to the structural rationality and durability, but has not been investigated in detail yet. In this case, a series of 5.5 m-long composite girder specimens were tested by negative bending, among which the bottom slab configuration and the longitudinal reinforcement ratio in the concrete deck were the parameters. Furthermore, an analytical study concerning about the influence of bottom concrete slab thickness on the cracking and sectional bending-carrying capacity were carried out. The test results showed that the additional concrete at the bottom improved the composite sectional bending stiffness and bending-carrying capacity, whereas its effect on the concrete crack distribution was not obvious. According to the analytical study, the additional concrete slab at the bottom with an equivalent thickness to the concrete deck slab may provide the best contributions to the improvements of crack initiation bending moment and the sectional bending-carrying capacity. This can be applied for the design practice.
Key Words
    double composite action; negative flexural region; cracking moment; bending-carrying capacity; structural rationality
Chen Xu, Boyu Zhang and Qingtian Su: Department of Bridge Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, China
Siwei Liu: Shanghai Municipal Engineering Design Institute(Group) Co., Ltd., Shanghai, China

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