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Steel and Composite Structures
  Volume 35, Number 3, May10 2020, pages 353-370
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/scs.2020.35.3.353
 


A new replaceable fuse for moment resisting frames: Replaceable bolted reduced beam section connections
Yasin O. Ozkilic

 
Abstract
    This paper describes a new type of replaceable fuse for moment resisting frames. Column-tree connections with beam splice connections are frequently preferred in the moment resisting frames since they eliminate field welding and provide good quality. In the column-tree connections, a part of the beam is welded to the column in the shop and the rest of the beam is bolted with the splice connection in the field. In this study, a replaceable reduced beam section (R-RBS) connection is proposed in order to eliminate welding process and facilitate assembly at the site. In the proposed R-RBS connection, one end is connected by a beam splice connection to the beam and the other end is connected by a bolted end-plate connection to the column. More importantly is that the proposed R-RBS connection allows the replacement of the damaged R-RBS easily right after an earthquake. Pursuant to this goal, experimental and numerical studies have been undertaken to investigate the performance of the R-RBS connection. An experimental study on the RBS connection was used to substantiate the numerical model using ABAQUS, a commercially available finite element software. Additionally, five different finite element models were developed to conduct a parametric study. The results of the analysis were compared in terms of the moment and energy absorption capacities, PEEQ, rupture and tri-axiality indexes. The design process as well as the optimum dimensions of the R-RBS connections are presented. It was also demonstrated that the proposed R-RBS connection satisfies AISC criteria based on the nonlinear finite element analysis results.
 
Key Words
    reduced beam section; ABAQUS; rupture index; PEEQ; column-tree connections; cyclic loading; beam splice; tri-axiality index; replaceable fuse
 
Address
Yasin O. Ozkilic: Department of Civil Engineering, Necmettin Erbakan University, 42100, Konya, Turkey
 

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