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Steel and Composite Structures
  Volume 33, Number 1, October10 2019 , pages 1-18

Seismic performance of steel plate shear walls with variable column flexural stiffness
Ivan Curkovic, Davor Skejic and Ivica Dzeba

    In the present study, the behavior of steel plate shear walls (SPSW) with variable column flexural stiffness is experimentally and numerically investigated. Altogether six one-bay one-story specimens, three moment resisting frames (MRFs) and three SPSWs, were designed, fabricated and tested. Column flexural stiffness of the first specimen pair (one MRF and one SPSW) corresponded to the value required by the design codes, while for the second and third pair it was reduced by 18% and 36%, respectively. The quasi-static cyclic test result indicate that SPSW with reduced column flexural stiffness have satisfactory performance up to 4% story drift ratio, allow development of the tension field over the entire infill panel, and cause negligible column "pull-in" deformation which indicates that prescribed minimal column flexural stiffness value, according to AISC 341-10, might be conservative. In addition, finite element (FE) pushover simulations using shell elements were developed. Such FE models can predict SPSW cyclic behavior reasonably well and can be used to conduct numerical parametric analyses. It should be mentioned that these FE models were not able to reproduce column "pull-in" deformation indicating the need for further development of FE simulations with cyclic load introduction which will be part of another paper.
Key Words
    steel plate shear wall; tension field theory; quasi-static cyclic testing; column flexural stiffness; finite element model
Department of Structures, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Kaciceva 26, 10000 Zagreb, Republic of Croatia.

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