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Steel and Composite Structures
  Volume 3, Number 1, February 2003 , pages 47-64

Composite action in connection regions of concrete-filled steel tube columns
Mathias Johansson

    In a nonlinear finite element study on the mechanical behavior of simple beam connections to continuous concrete-filled steel tube columns, two principally different connection types were analyzed: one with plates attached to the outside of the tube wall, relying on shear transfer, and one with an extended plate inserted through the steel section to ensure bearing on the concrete core. The load was applied partly at the connection within the column length and partly at the top, representing the load from upper stories of a multi-story building. The primary focus was on the increased demand for load transfer to ensure composite action when concrete with higher compressive strength is used. The results obtained from the analyses showed that the design bond strength derived from push tests is very conservative, mainly due to the high frictional shear resistance offered by pinching and contraction effects caused by connection rotation. However, with higher concrete strength the demand for load transfer increases, and is hard to fulfill for higher loads when connections are attached only to the steel section. Instead, the connection should penetrate into the concrete core to distribute load to the concrete by direct bearing.
Key Words
    composite columns; concrete-filled steel tube; composite action; bond; connections; finite element analysis.
Department of Structural Engineering, Concrete Structures, Chalmers University of TechnologyrnSE-412 96 G?teborg, Sweden

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