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Steel and Composite Structures
  Volume 27, Number 1, April10 2018 , pages 49-74

A practical model for simulating nonlinear behaviour of FRP strengthened RC beam-column joints
Javad Shayanfar and Habib Akbarzadeh Bengar

    Generally, beam-column joints are taken into account as rigid in assessment of seismic performance of reinforced concrete (RC) structures. Experimental and numerical studies have proved that ignoring nonlinearities in the joint core might crucially affect seismic performance of RC structures. On the other hand, to improve seismic behaviour of such structures, several strengthening techniques of beam–column joints have been studied and adopted in practical applications. Among these strengthening techniques, the application of FRP materials has extensively increased, especially in case of exterior RC beam-column joints. In current paper, to simulate the inelastic response in the core of RC beam–column joints strengthened by FRP sheets, a practical joint model has been proposed so that the effect of FRP sheets on characteristics of an RC joint were considered in principal tensile stress-joint rotation relations. To determine these relations, a combination of experimental results and a mechanically-based model has been developed. To verify the proposed model, it was applied to experimental specimens available in the literature. Results revealed that the model could predict inelastic response of as-built and FRP strengthened joints with reasonable precision. The simple analytic procedure and the use of experimentally computed parameters would make the model sufficiently suitable for practical applications.
Key Words
    beam-column joint; nonlinear analysis; fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP); principal tensile stress; practical model
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran.

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