Techno Press

Steel and Composite Structures   Volume 26, Number 6, March25 2018, pages 673-691
Nonlinear forced vibration of FG-CNTs-reinforced curved microbeam based on strain gradient theory considering out-of-plane motion
Farshid Allahkarami, Mansour Nikkhah-bahrami and Maryam Ghassabzadeh Saryazdi

Abstract     [Full Text]
    The main goal of this research is to examine the in-plane and out-of-plane forced vibration of a curved nanocomposite microbeam. The in-plane and out-of-plane displacements of the structure are considered based on the first order shear deformation theory (FSDT). The curved microbeam is reinforced by functionally graded carbon nanotubes (FG-CNTs) and thus the extended rule of mixture is employed to estimate the effective material properties of the structure. Also, the small scale effect is captured using the strain gradient theory. The structure is rested on a nonlinear orthotropic viscoelastic foundation and is subjected to concentrated transverse harmonic external force, thermal and magnetic loads. The derivation of the governing equations is performed using energy method and Hamilton's principle. Differential quadrature (DQ) method along with integral quadrature (IQ) and Newmark methods are employed to solve the problem. The effect of various parameters such as volume fraction and distribution type of CNTs, boundary conditions, elastic foundation, temperature changes, material length scale parameters, magnetic field, central angle and width to thickness ratio are studied on the frequency and force responses of the structure. The results indicate that the highest frequency and lowest vibration amplitude belongs to FGX distribution type while the inverse condition is observed for FGO distribution type. In addition, the hardening-type response of the structure with FGX distribution type is more intense with respect to the other distribution types.
Key Words
    forced vibration; curved nanocomposite microbeam; strain gradient theory; viscoelastic foundation; DQ-IQ-Newmark method
(1) Farshid Allahkarami, Mansour Nikkhah-bahrami:
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran;
(2) Maryam Ghassabzadeh Saryazdi:
Vehicle Technology Research Institute, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.

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