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Steel and Composite Structures   Volume 26, Number 4, February25 2018, pages 513-531
Surface and size dependent effects on static, buckling, and vibration of micro composite beam under thermo-magnetic fields based on strain gradient theory
Mehdi Mohammadimehr, Mojtaba Mehrabi, Hasan Hadizadeh and Hossein Hadizadeh

Abstract     [Buy Article]
    In this article, static, buckling and free vibration analyses of a sinusoidal micro composite beam reinforced by single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) with considering temperature-dependent material properties embedded in an elastic medium in the presence of magnetic field under transverse uniform load are presented. This system is used at micro or sub micro scales to enhance the stiffness of micro composite structures such as bar, beam, plate and shell. In the present work, the size dependent effects based on surface stress effect and modified strain gradient theory (MSGT) are considered. The generalized rule of mixture is employed to predict temperature-dependent mechanical and thermal properties of micro composite beam. Then, the governing equations of motions are derived using Hamilton's principle and energy method. Numerical results are presented to investigate the influences of material length scale parameters, elastic foundation, composite fiber angle, magnetic intensity, temperature changes and carbon nanotubes volume fraction on the bending, buckling and free vibration behaviors of micro composite beam. There is a good agreement between the obtained results by this research and the literature results. The obtained results of this study demonstrate that the magnetic intensity, temperature changes, and two parameters elastic foundations have important effects on micro composite stiffness, while the magnetic field has greater effects on the bending, buckling and free vibration responses of micro composite beams. Moreover, it is shown that the effects of surface layers are important, and observed that the changes of carbon nanotubes volume fraction, beam length-to-thickness ratio and material length scale parameter have noticeable effects on the maximum deflection, critical buckling load and natural frequencies of micro composite beams.
Key Words
    static; buckling; vibration; micro composite beam; surface effect; magnetic and thermal fields
(1) Mehdi Mohammadimehr, Mojtaba Mehrabi, Hasan Hadizadeh, Hossein Hadizadeh:
Department of Solid Mechanics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kashan, P.O. Box 87317-53153, Kashan, Iran;
(2) Hasan Hadizadeh, Hossein Hadizadeh:
Department of Solid Mechanics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

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