Techno Press


Steel and Composite Structures   Volume 24, Number 1, May20 2017, pages 15-22
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/scs.2017.24.1.015
 
Investigation of natural solution effect in electrical conductivity of PANI-CeO2 nanocomposites
Mohammad Reza Mohammad Shafiee, Ahmad Sattari, Mahboubeh Kargar and Majid Ghashang

 
Abstract     [Full Text]
    A green biosynthesis method is described for the preparation of Polyaniline (PANI)-cerium dioxide (CeO2) nanocomposites in different media via in-situ oxidative polymerization procedure. The effect of various media including use of HCl, Lemon Juice, Beverage, White Vinegar, Verjuice and Apple vinegar extracts on the particles size, morphology as well as the conductivity of PANI-CeO2 nanocomposites was investigated. The electron-withdrawing feature of CeO2 increases doping level of PANI and enhances electron delocalization. These cause a significantly blue shift of C = C stretching band of quinoid from 1570 cm-1 to 1585 cm-1. The optical properties of the pure material and polymeric nanocomposites as well as their interfacial interaction in nanocomposite structures analyzed by UV-visible spectroscopy. The DC electrical conductivity (
 
Key Words
    natural solution; PANI-CeO2; nanocomposite; in situ oxidative
 
Address
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, P.O. Box 517, Najafabad, Iran.
 

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