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Steel and Composite Structures
  Volume 18, Number 6, June 2015 , pages 1369-1389

Static behaviour of lying multi-stud connectors in cable-pylon anchorage zone
Zhaofei Lin, Yuqing Liu and Jun He

    In order to investigate the behaviour of lying multi-stud connectors in cable-pylon anchorage zone, twenty-four push-out tests are carried out with different stud numbers and diameters. The effect of concrete block width and tensile force on shear strength is investigated using the developed and verified finite element model. The results show that the shear strength of the lying multi-stud connectors is reduced in comparison with the lying single-stud connector. The reduction increases with the increasing of the number of studs in the vertical direction. The influence of the stud number on the strength reduction of the lying multi-stud connectors is decreased under combined shear and tension loads compared with under pure shear. Yet, due to multi-stud effect, they still can't be ignored. The concrete block width has a non-negligible effect on the shear strength of the lying multi-stud connectors and therefore should be chosen properly when designing push-out specimens. No obvious difference is observed between the strength reductions of the studs with 22 mm and 25 mm diameters. The shear strengths obtained from the tests are compared with those predicted by AASHTO LRFD and Eurocode 4. Eurocode 4 generally gives conservative predictions of the shear strength, while AASHTO LRFD overestimates the shear strength. In addition, the lying multi-stud connectors with the diameters of 22 m and 25 mm both exhibit adequate ductility according to Eurocode 4. An expression of load-slip curve is proposed for the lying multi-stud connectors and shows good agreement with the test results.
Key Words
    cable-pylon anchorage zone; lying multi-stud connectors; push-out tests; strength reduction; load-slip relationship; FEM analysis
(1) Zhaofei Lin, Yuqing Liu:
Department of Bridge Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, China;
(2) Jun He:
School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Changsha University of Science and Technology, Hunan, China.

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