Techno Press

Steel and Composite Structures   Volume 17, Number 6, December 2014, pages 803-824
Dynamic characteristics of hybrid tower of cable-stayed bridges
Shehata E. Abdel Raheem

Abstract     [Full Text]
    The dynamic characterization is important in making accurate predictions of the seismic response of the hybrid structures dominated by different damping mechanisms. Different damping characteristics arise from the construction of the tower with different materials: steel for the upper part; reinforced concrete for the lower main part and interaction with supporting soil. The process of modeling damping matrices and experimental verification is challenging because damping cannot be determined via static tests as can mass and stiffness. The assumption of classical damping is not appropriate if the system to be analyzed consists of two or more parts with significantly different levels of damping, such as steel/ concrete mixed structure - supporting soil coupled system. The dynamic response of structures is critically determined by the damping mechanisms, and its value is very important for the design and analysis of vibrating structures. An analytical approach capable of evaluating the equivalent modal damping ratio from structural components is desirable for improving seismic design. Two approaches are considered to define and investigate dynamic characteristics of hybrid tower of cable-stayed bridges: The first approach makes use of a simplified approximation of two lumped masses to investigate the structure irregularity effects including damping of different material, mass ratio, frequency ratio on dynamic characteristics and modal damping; the second approach employs a detailed numerical step-by step integration procedure in which the damping matrices of the upper and the lower substructures are modeled with the Rayleigh damping formulation.
Key Words
    damping matrix; dynamic characteristics; hybrid tower; modal damping; non-classical damping; seismic response; structural vibration
(1) Faculty of Engineering, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudia Arabia;
(2) Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt.

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