Techno Press

Steel and Composite Structures   Volume 16, Number 4, March 2014, pages 357-374
On the optimum performance-based design of eccentrically braced frames
Reza Karami Mohammadi and Amir Hossein Sharghi

Abstract     [Full Text]
    The design basis is being shifted from strength to deformation in modern performance-based design codes. This paper presents a practical method for optimization of eccentrically braced steel frames, based on the concept of uniform deformation theory (UDT). This is done by gradually shifting inefficient material from strong parts of the structure to the weak areas until a state of uniform deformation is achieved. In the first part of this paper, UDT is implemented on 3, 5 and 10 story eccentrically braced frames (EBF) subjected to 12 earthquake records representing the design spectrum of ASCE/SEI 7-10. Subsequently, the optimum strength-distribution patterns corresponding to these excitations are determined, and compared with four other loading patterns. Since the optimized frames have uniform distribution of deformation, they undergo less damage in comparison with code-based designed structures while having minimum structural weight. For further investigation, the 10 story EBF is redesigned using four different loading patterns and subjected to 12 earthquake excitations. Then a comparison is made between link rotations of each model and those belonging to the optimized one which revealed that the optimized EBF behaves generally better than those designed by other loading patterns. Finally, efficiency of each loading pattern is evaluated and the best one is determined.
Key Words
    performance-based design; structural optimization; uniform deformation theory; seismic loading pattern; eccentrically braced frame; nonlinear dynamic analysis
Reza Karami Mohammadi and Amir Hossein Sharghi:
Civil Engineering Department, K.N. Toosi University of Technology (KNTU), Tehran, Iran.

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