Techno Press


Steel and Composite Structures   Volume 13, Number 3, September 2012, pages 277-293
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/scs.2012.13.3.277
 
Numerical analysis of the axially loaded concrete filled steel tube columns with debonding separation at the steel-concrete interface
Chen Shiming* and Zhang Huifeng

 
Abstract     [Full Text]
    The interaction between steel tube and concrete core is the key design considerations for concrete-filled steel tube columns. In a concrete-filled steel tube (CFST) column, the steel tube provides confinement to the concrete core which permits the composite action among the steel tube and the concrete. Due to construction faults and plastic shrinkage of concrete, the debonding separation at the steel-concrete interface weakens the confinement effect, and hence affects the behaviour and bearing capacity of the composite member. This study investigates the axial loading behavior of the concrete filled circular steel tube columns with debonding separation. A three-dimensional nonlinear finite element model of CFST composite columns with introduced debonding gap was developed. The results from the finite element analysis captured successfully the experimental behaviours. The calibrated finite element models were then utilized to assess the influence of concrete strength, steel yield stress and the steel-concrete ratio on the debonding behaviour. The findings indicate a likely significant drop in the load carrying capacity with the increase of the size of the debonding gap. A design formula is proposed to reduce the load carrying capacity with the presence of debonding separation.
 
Key Words
    debonding separation; concrete filled steel tube; axial compression; load carrying capacity.
 
Address
School of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, PRC, (200092), China
 

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