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Ocean Systems Engineering
  Volume 11, Number 1, March 2021, pages 17-42
open access

Aerodynamic behaviour of double hinged articulated loading platforms
Mohd Moonis Zaheer, Syed Danish Hasan, Nazrul Islam and Moazzam Aslam

    Articulated loading platforms (ALPs) belongs to a class of offshore structures known as compliant. ALP motions have time periods falling in the wind excitation frequency range due to their compliant behaviour. This paper deals with the dynamic behavior of a double hinged ALP subjected to low-frequency wind forces with random waves. Nonlinear effects due to variable submergence, fluctuating buoyancy, variable added mass, and hydrodynamic forces are considered in the analysis. The random sea state is characterized by the Pierson-Moskowitz (P-M) spectrum. The wave forces on the submerged elements of the platform's shaft are calculated using Morison's Equation with Airy's linear wave theory ignoring diffraction effects. The fluctuating wind load has been estimated using Ochi and Shin wind velocity spectrum for offshore structures. The nonlinear dynamic equation of motion is solved in the time domain by the Wilson-e method. The wind-structure interactions, along with the effect of various other parameters on the platform response, are investigated. The effect of offset of aerodynamic center (A.C.) with the center of gravity (C.G.) of platform superstructure has also been investigated. The outcome of the analyses indicates that low-frequency wind forces affect the response of ALP to a large extent, which otherwise is not enhanced in the presence of only waves. The mean wind modifies the mean position of the platform surge response to the positive side, causing an offset. Various power spectral densities (PSDs) under high and moderate sea states show that apart from the significant peak occurring at the two natural frequencies, other prominent peaks also appear at very low frequencies showing the influence of wind on the response.
Key Words
    aerodynamic effects; wave forces; articulated loading platform; wind-induced response
Mohd Moonis Zaheer and Syed Danish Hasan: Department of Civil Engineering, Z.H. College of Engg. & Tech., AMU, Aligarh, India
Nazrul Islam: Department of Civil Engineering, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi-110025, India
Moazzam Aslam: Civil Engineering Section, University Polytechnic, AMU, Aligarh, India

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