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Membrane Water Treatment   Volume 9, Number 5, September 2018, pages 335-342
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/mwt.2018.9.5.335
 
Using response surface methodology and Box-Behnken design in the study of affecting factors on the dairy wastewater treatment by MEUF
Susan Khosroyar and Ali Arastehnodeh

 
Abstract     [Buy Article]
    Micelle-Enhanced Ultrafiltration (MEUF) is a membrane separation processes that improving ultrafiltration process with the formation of micelles of the surface active agents. Surface active agents are widely used to improve membrane processes due to the ability to trap organic compounds and metals in the treatment of industrial waste water. In this study, surface active agents are used to improve micelle-enhanced ultrafiltration (MEUF) to reduce chemical oxygen demand (COD), total dissolved solid (TDS), turbidity and clogging the membrane in dairy wastewater treatment. Three important operational factors (anionic surface active agent concentration, pressure and pH) and these interactions were investigated by using response surface methodology (RSM) and Box-Behnken design. Results show that due to the concentration polarization layer and increase the number of Micelles; the anionic surface active agent concentration has a negative effect on the flux and has a positive effect on the elimination of contamination indices. pH, and the pressure have the greatest effect on flux. On the other hand, it could be stated that these percentages of separation are in the percentages range of Nano-filtration (NF). While MEUF process has higher flux than NF process. The results have been achieved at lower pressure while NF process needs high pressure, thus making MEUF is the replacement for the NF process.
 
Key Words
    MEUF, surface active agents, Box-Behnken, dairy waste water
 
Address
Department of Chemical Engineering, Quchan branch, Islamic Azad University, Quchan, Iran
 

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