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Membrane Water Treatment
  Volume 9, Number 4, July 2018, pages 233-243
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/mwt.2018.9.4.233
 


Application of nanofiltration membrane for the River Nile water treatment in Egypt: Case study
Tarek S. Jamil, Ahmad M. Shaban, Eman S. Mansor, Ahmed A. Karim and Azza M. Abd El-Aty

 
Abstract
    In this manuscript, 35 m3/d NF unit was designed and applied for surface water treatment of the River Nile water. Intake of Embaba drinking water treatment plant was selected to install that unit at since; it has the lowest water quality index value through the examined 6 sites in greater Cairo area. The optimized operating conditions were feed and permeate flow, 40 and 7 m3/d, feed pressure 2.68 bar and flux rate 37.7 l/m2h. The permeate water was drinkable according to Egyptian Ministerial decree 458/2007 for the tested parameters (physic-chemical, heavy metals, organic, algal, bacteriological and parasitological). Single and double sand filters were used as pretreatment for NF membranes but continuous clogging for sand filters moved us to use UF membrane as pretreatment for NF membrane.
 
Key Words
    River Nile; NF membrane; pretreatment; water; treatment
 
Address
Water Pollution Control Department, National Research Center, 33 El-Behouth St., Cairo, Egypt, 12622
 

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