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Membrane Water Treatment
  Volume 7, Number 6, November 2016 , pages 495-505
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/mwt.2016.7.6.495
 


Iron(III) removal from aqueous solution using MCM-41 ceramic composite membrane
Ashim Kumar Basumatary, R. Vinoth Kumar, Kannan Pakshirajan and G. Pugazhenthi

 
Abstract
    Mesoporous MCM-41 was deposited on an inexpensive disk shaped ceramic support through hydrothermal technique for ultrafiltration of Fe3+ from aqueous solution. The ceramic support was fabricated using uni-axial compaction technique followed by sintering at 950°C. The characteristics of MCM-41 powder as well as the composite membrane were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), porosity and pure water permeation test. The XRD result revealed the good crystallinity and well-resolved hexagonally arranged pore geometry of MCM-41. TGA profile of synthesized MCM-41 zeolite displayed the three different stepwise mechanisms for the removal of organic template. The formation of MCM-41 on the porous support was verified by FESEM analysis. The characterization results clearly indicated that the accumulation of MCM-41 by repeated coating on the ceramic disk directs to reduce the porosity and pore size from 47% to 23% and 1.0 to 0.173 μm, respectively. Moreover, the potential of the fabricated MCM-41 membrane was investigated by ultrafiltration of Fe3+ from aqueous stream at various influencing parameters such as applied pressure, initial feed concentration and pH of solution. The maximum rejection 85% was obtained at applied pressure of 276 kPa and the initial feed concentration of 250 ppm at pH 2.
 
Key Words
    ultrafiltration; FeCl3; zeolite membrane; MCM-41; hydrothermal
 
Address
(1) Ashim Kumar Basumatary, R. Vinoth Kumar, G. Pugazhenthi:
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute Technology Guwahati, Guwahati 781039, Assam, India;
(2) Kannan Pakshirajan:
Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering,Indian Institute Technology Guwahati, Guwahati 781039, Assam, India.
 

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