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Membrane Water Treatment   Volume 6, Number 5, September 2015, pages 365-378
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/mwt.2015.6.5.365
 
Preparation of diffusion dialysis membrane for acid recovery via a phase-inversion method
Muhammad Imran Khan, Liang Wu, Md. Masem Hossain, Jiefeng Pan, Jin Ran, Abhishek N. Mondal, Tongwen Xu

 
Abstract     [Buy Article]
    Herein, the preparation of anion exchange membrane (AEM) from brominated poly(2,6-dimethyl 1,6-phenylene oxide) BPPO and dimethylaniline (DMA) by phase-inversion process is reported. Anion exchange membranes (AEMs) are prepared by varying the DMA contents. Prepared AEMs show high thermal stability, water uptake (WR) around 202% to 226%, dimensional change ratios of 1.5% to 2.6% and ion exchange capacities (IECs) of 0.34 mmol/g to 0.82 mmol/g with contact angle of 59.18° to 65.15°. These membranes are porous in nature as confirmed by SEM observation. The porous property of membranes are important as it could reduce the resistance of transportation of ions across the membranes. They have been used in diffusion dialysis (DD) process for recovery of hydrochloric acid (HCl) from the mixture of HCl and ferrous chloride (FeCl2). Presence of ¯N+(CH3)2C6H5Br &$175;as a functional group in membrane matrix facilitates its applications in DD process. The dialysis coefficients of hydrochloric acid (UH) of the membranes are in range of 0.0016 m/h to 0.14 m/h and the separation factors (S) are in range of 2.09 to 7.32 in the HCl/FeCl2 system at room temperature. The porous membrane structure and presence of amine functional group are responsible for the mechanism of diffusion dialysis (DD).
 
Key Words
    brominated poly(2,6-dimethyl 1,6-phenylene oxide); N,N-dimethylaniline; anion exchange membrane; phase-inversion
 
Address
Lab of Functional Membranes, School of Chemistry and Material Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, P.R. China.
 

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