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Membrane Water Treatment   Volume 10, Number 6, November 2019, pages 405-415
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/mwt.2019.10.6.405
 
Adsorption of microcystin onto activated carbon: A review
Rita E. Ampiaw, Muhammad Yaqub, and Wontae Lee

 
Abstract     [Buy Article]
    Microcystins (MCs) are toxins produced by cyanobacteria causing a major environmental threat to water resources worldwide. Although several MCs have been reported in previous studies, microcystin-LR (m-LR) has been extensively studied as it is highly toxic. Among the several techniques employed for the removal of this toxin, adsorption with AC has been extensively studied. AC has gained wide attention as an effective adsorbent of m-LR due to its ubiquity, high sorption capacity, cost effectiveness and renewability. In this review, the adsorption of m-LR onto AC was evaluated using the information available in existing scientific literature. The effects of the pore volume and surface chemistry of AC on the adsorption of m-LR considering the structural and chemical properties of ACs were also discussed. Furthermore, we identified the parameters that influence adsorption, including natural organic matter (NOM), pH, and ionic strength during the m-LR adsorption process. The effect of these parameters on MCs adsorption onto AC from previous studied is compiled and highlighted. This review may provide new insights into future activated carbon-m-LR adsorption research, and broaden its application prospects.
 
Key Words
    algal bloom; adsorption; activated carbon; cyanobacteria; microcystins
 
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61 Daehak–ro, Gumi 39177, Republic of Korea
 

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