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Membrane Water Treatment   Volume 10, Number 2, March 2019, pages 179-189
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/mwt.2019.10.2.179
 
Investigation of influence of temperature and solid retention time on membrane fouling in MBR
Atoosa Mirzavandi, Hossein Hazrati and Sirous Ebrahimi

 
Abstract     [Buy Article]
    This study aimed to investigate the effect of temperature and solid retention time (SRT) on membrane fouling in a membrane bioreactors (MBRs). For this purpose, a lab-scale submerged MBR system was used. This system operated at two SRTs of 15 and 5 days, three various temperatures (20, 25 and 30 C) and hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 8 h. The results indicated that decreased the cake layer resistance and increased particles size of foulant due to increasing temperature and SRT. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis show that the cake layer formed on the membrane surface, contained high levels of proteins and especially polysaccharides in extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) but absorbance intensity of EPS functional groups decreased with temperature and SRT. EEM analysis showed that the peak on the range of Ex/Em=220-240/350-400 in SRT of 15 and temperature of 30 C indicates the presence of fulvic acid in the cake. In addition, as the temperature rise from 20 to 30 C, concentration of soluble microbial products (SMP) increased and COD removal reached 89%. Furthermore, the rate of membrane fouling was found to increase with decreasing temperature and SRT.
 
Key Words
    submerged membrane bioreactor, solid retention time, temperature, membrane fouling
 
Address
Atoosa Mirzavandi, Hossein Hazrati and Sirous Ebrahimi:Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran
Hossein Hazrati:Environmental Engineering Research Center, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran

 

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