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Membrane Water Treatment   Volume 10, Number 2, March 2019, pages 155-163
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/mwt.2019.10.2.155
 
Roles of polypropylene beads and pH in hybrid water treatment of carbon fiber membrane and PP beads with water back-flushing
Sungwon Song, Yungsik Park and Jin Yong Park

 
Abstract     [Buy Article]
    The roles of polypropylene (PP) beads and pH on membrane fouling and treatment efficiency were investigated in a hybrid advanced water treatment process of tubular carbon fiber membranes (ultrafiltration (UF) or microfiltration (MF)) and PP beads. The synthetic feed including humic acid and kaolin flowed inside the membrane, and the permeated contacted the PP beads fluidized in the space between the membrane and the module with UV irradiation and periodic water back-flushing. In the hybrid process of UF (0.05 micrometer) and PP beads, final resistance of membrane fouling (Rf) after 180 min increased as PP beads increased. The turbidity treatment efficiency was the maximum at 30 g/L; however, that of dissolved organic matters (DOM) showed the highest at PP beads 50 g/L. The Rf strengthened as pH of feed increased. It means that the membrane fouling could be inhibited at low alkali condition. The treatment efficiency of turbidity was almost constant independent of pH; however, that of DOM showed the maximum at pH 5. For MF (0.1 micrometer), the final Rf was the minimum at PP beads 40 g/L. The treatment efficiencies of turbidity and DOM were the maximum at PP beads 10 g/L.
 
Key Words
    hybrid process; carbon fiber; membrane; polypropylene bead; pH; water back-flushing
 
Address
Department of Environmental Sciences & Biotechnology, Hallym University, Gangwon 24252, Korea
 

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