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Membrane Water Treatment
  Volume 1, Number 1, January 2010, pages 1-12

Application of membrane distillation process for tap water purification
Marek Gryta

    Membrane distillation process was used for purification of pre-treated natural water (tap water). The rejection of inorganic and organic compounds in this process was investigated. The obtained rejection of inorganic solutes was closed to 100%, but the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) diffused through the membrane together with water vapour. The content of trihalomethanes (THMs) in the obtained distillate was two-three fold higher than that in the feed, therefore, the rejection of the total organic compounds present in the tap water was reduced to a level of 98%. The intensive membranes scaling was observed during the water separation. The morphology and composition of the fouling layer was studied using scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersion spectrometry. The influence of thermal water pre-treatment performed in a heat exchanger followed by filtration on the MD process effectiveness was evaluated. This procedure caused that significantly smaller amounts of CaCO3 crystallites were deposited on the membrane surface, and a high permeate flux was maintained over a period of 160 h.
Key Words
    membrane distillation; water treatment; hydrophobic membrane; desalination.
Marek Gryta; West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin Institute of Chemical Technology and Environment Engineering, ul. Pulaskiego 10, 70-322 Szczecin, Poland

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