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Geomechanics and Engineering
  Volume 7, Number 3, September 2014, pages 297-316
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/gae.2014.7.3.297
 


Effects of silt contents on the static and dynamic properties of sand-silt mixtures
Darn H. Hsiao and Vu T.A. Phan

 
Abstract
    This paper presents a detailed study focused on investigating the effects of silt content on the static and dynamic properties of sand-silt mixtures. Specimens with a low-plastic silt content of 0, 15, 30 and 50% by weight were tested in static triaxial, cyclic triaxial, and resonant columns in addition to consolidation tests to determine such parameters as compression index, internal friction angle, cohesion, cyclic stress ratio, maximum shear modulus, normalized shear modulus and damping ratio. The test procedures were performed on specimens of three cases: constant void ratio index, e = 0.582; same peak deviator stress of 290 kPa; and constant relative density, Dr = 30%. The test results obtained for both the constant-void-ratio- index and constant-relative-density specimens showed that as silt content increased, the internal friction angle, cyclic stress ratio and maximum shear modulus decreased, but cohesion increased. In testing of the same deviator stress specimens, both cohesion and internal friction angle were insignificantly altered with the increase in silt content. In addition, as silt content increased, the maximum shear modulus increased. The cyclic stress ratio first decreased as silt content increased to reach the threshold silt content and increased thereafter with further increases in silt content. Furthermore, the damping ratio was investigated based on different silt contents in three types of specimens.
 
Key Words
    sand-silt mixture; critical state parameter; cyclic stress ratio; shear modulus; damping ratio
 
Address
Department of Civil Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences, No. 415 Chien-Kung Road, Kaohsiung 80778, Taiwan R.O.C.
 

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