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Geomechanics and Engineering
  Volume 37, Number 4, May25 2024 , pages 371-382

Nonlinear regression methods and genetic algorithms for estimation of compression index of clays using toughness limit
Satoru Shimobe, Eyyüb Karakan and Alper Sezer

    Measurement or prediction of compression index (Cc) of soils is essential for assessment of total and differential settlement of structures. It is a well-known fact that this parameter is controlled by several index identifiers of soil including initial void ratio, Atterberg limits, overconsolidation ratio, specific gravity, etc. Many studies in the past proposed relationships for prediction of Cc based on different index properties. Therefore, this study aims to present a comparison of previously proposed equations for estimation of Cc. Data from literature was compiled, and a total of 90 and 623 test results on remolded and undisturbed specimens were used to question the validity of previously proposed equations. Nevertheless, the modeling ability of 7 and 12 equations for estimation of Cc of remolded and undisturbed soils were questioned by use of compiled data. Moreover, new empirical relationships based on initial void ratio and toughness limit for prediction of Cc was proposed by use of nonlinear multivariable regression and evolutionary based regression analyses. The results are promising-the performances of models established are quite acceptable, which are verified by statistical analyses.
Key Words
    compression index; fine-grained soils; toughness limit
Satoru Shimobe: College of Science and Technology, Nihon University, Funabashi 274-8501, Japan
Eyyüb Karakan: Department of Civil Engineering, Kilis 7 Aralik University, Kilis, Turkey
Alper Sezer: Department of Civil Engineering, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey

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