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Geomechanics and Engineering
  Volume 26, Number 1, July10 2021 , pages 1-12

Load-displacement behaviour of tapered piles: Theoretical modelling and analysis
Yunong Li and Wei Li

    This paper presents a simplified analytical approach for evaluating the load-displacement response of single tapered pile and pile groups under static axial compressive loads. The response of the tapered pile shaft is considered elastically in the initial stage, whereas the increase in stresses due to slippage along the pile-soil interface is obtained from a developed undrained cylindrical cavity expansion solution based on the K0-based anisotropic modified Cam-clay (K0-AMCC) model. An effective iterative computer program is developed to calculate the load-displacement behaviour of a single tapered pile. Regarding the response analysis of tapered pile groups, a finite-difference method is employed to calculate the interaction between tapered pile shaft, and the linear elastic model to simulate the interaction developed at the pile base. A reduction coefficient is introduced into the analysis of pile shaft interaction to clarify the reinforcing effect between tapered piles. Therefore, the settlement calculation methods of pile groups are proposed for different pile cap stiffness. The calculation methods of single tapered pile and pile groups are validated using two 3D Finite Element (FE) programs, and the comparison results show that reasonable predictions can be made using the method proposed in this paper. Parametric studies are conducted to investigate the effects of taper angle, soil anisotropy, pile spacing, and pile number on the load-displacement behaviour of single tapered pile and tapered pile groups.
Key Words
    cylindrical cavity expansion; K0-AMCC model; load-displacement behaviour; single tapered pile; tapered pile groups
Yunong Li:Key Laboratory of Green Construction and Intelligent Maintenance for Civil Engineering of Hebei Province, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao, Hebei Province, People's Republic of China

Wei Li: School of Civil Engineering & Mechanics, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao, Hebei Province, People's Republic of China

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