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Geomechanics and Engineering
  Volume 24, Number 5, March10 2021 , pages 443-456
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/gae.2021.24.5.443
 


Three dimensional seismic deformation-shear strain-swelling performance of America-California Oroville Earth-Fill Dam
Memduh Karalar and Murat Cavusli

 
Abstract
    Structural design of the vertical displacements and shear strains in the earth fill (EF) dams has great importance in the structural engineering problems. Moreover, far fault earthquakes have significant seismic effects on seismic damage performance of EF dams like the near fault earthquakes. For this reason, three dimensional (3D) earthquake damage performance of Oroville dam is assessed considering different far-fault ground motions in this study. Oroville Dam was built in United States of America-California and its height is 234.7 m (770 ft.). 3D model of Oroville dam is modelled using FLAC3D software based on finite difference approach. In order to represent interaction condition between discrete surfaces, special interface elements are used between dam body and foundation. Non-reflecting seismic boundary conditions (free field and quiet) are defined to the main surfaces of the dam for the nonlinear seismic analyses. 6 different far-fault ground motions are taken into account for the full reservoir condition of Oroville dam. According to nonlinear seismic analysis results, the effects of far-fault ground motions on the nonlinear seismic settlement and shear strain behaviour of Oroville EF dam are determined and evaluated in detail. It is clearly seen that far-fault earthquakes have very significant seismic effects on the settlement-shear strain behaviour of EF dams and these earthquakes create vital important seismic damages on the swelling behaviour of dam body surface. Moreover, it is proposed that far-fault ground motions should not be ignored while modelling EF dams.
 
Key Words
    earth-fill dam; far-fault earthquake; free-field boundary condition; interaction condition; shear strain failure
 
Address
Memduh Karalar and Murat Cavusli: Department of Civil engineering, Zonguldak Bulent Ecevit University Zonguldak, 67100, Turkey
 

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