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Geomechanics and Engineering
  Volume 24, Number 5, March10 2021 , pages 419-430
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/gae.2021.24.5.419
 


Effects of dry density and water content on compressibility and shear strength of loess
Yexia Guo, Wankui Ni and Haisong Liu

 
Abstract
    Investigation on the compressibility and shear strength of compacted loess is of great importance for the design and operation of engineering infrastructures in filling area. In this study, the mechanical behaviors of Yan'an compacted loess are investigated at various dry densities and water contents by conducting one dimensional compression and direct shear tests. And the elastic compressibility, plastic compressibility, yield stress and strength are obtained from the experiments. Results show that when water content increases, plastic compressibility parameter increases, but yield stress decreases. However, the increase of dry density leads to a decrease in plastic compressibility parameter but an increase in yield stress. In addition, elastic compressibility parameter is found to be a constant which is irrelevant to water content and dry density. As for strength, cohesion and internal friction angle is directly proportional to dry density, but inversely proportional to water content. Moreover, the mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) tests were also performed to observe the pore size distribution and microstructure of the specimens. Finally, by using results of MIP and SEM tests, the compressibility and strength behaviours of Yan'an compacted loess are explained from the perspective of pore-size distribution and microstructure.
 
Key Words
    water content; dry density; compression parameters; shear strength; microstructure
 
Address
Yexia Guo, Wankui Ni and Haisong Liu: School of Geology Engineering and Geomatics, Chang'an University, 710064 Xi'an, Shannxi Province, China
 

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