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Geomechanics and Engineering
  Volume 24, Number 3, February10 2021 , pages 215-226

Analysis of the crack propagation rules and regional damage characteristics of rock specimens
Yangyang Li, Yadong Xu, Shichuan Zhang, Jing Fan, Guobin Du, Lu Su and Guangsheng Fu

    To study the evolution mechanism of cracks in rocks with multiple defects, rock-like samples with multiple defects, such as strip-shaped through-going cracks and cavity groups, are used, and the crack propagation law and changes in AE (acoustic emission) and strain of cavity groups under different inclination angles are studied. According to the test results, an increase in the cavity group inclination angle can facilitate the initial damage degree of the rock and weaken the crack initiation stress; the initial crack initiation direction is approximately 90°, and the extension angle is approximately 75~90° from the strip-shaped through-going cracks; thus, the relationship between crack development and cavity group initiation strengthens. The specific performance is as follows: when the initiation angle is 30°, the cracks between the cavities in the cavity group develop relatively independently along the parallel direction of the external load; when the angle is 75°, the cracks between the cavities in the cavity group can interpenetrate, and slip can occur along the inclination of the cavity group under the action of the shear mechanism rupture. With the increase in the inclination angle of the cavity group, the AE energy fluctuation frequency at the peak stress increases, and the stress drop is obvious. The larger the cavity group inclination angle is, the more obvious the energy accumulation and the more severe the rock damage; when the cavity group angle is 30° or 75°, the peak strain of the local area below the strip-shaped through-going fracture plane is approximately three times that when the cavity group angle is 45° and 60°, indicating that cracks are easily generated in the local area monitored by the strain gauge at this angle, and the further development of the cracks weakens the strength of the rock, thereby increasing the probability of major engineering quality damage. The research results will have important reference value for hazard prevention in underground engineering projects through rock with natural and artificial defects, including tunnels and air-raid shelters.
Key Words
    rock-like materials; multiple defects; cavity group; crack propagation; regional damage
Yangyang Li, Yadong Xu and Shichuan Zhang: School of Energy and Mining Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, No.579 Qianwangang Road, Huangdao District, Qingdao, Shandong Province, 266590, China

Jing Fan, Guobin Du and Lu Su: Shandong Energy Mining Group Co., Ltd, No.69, Business Street Road, Luozhuang District, Linyi, Shandong Province, 276017, China

Guangsheng Fu: Shandong Bureau of China Metallurgical Geology Bureau, No.88, Chunyang Road, Chengyang District, Qingdao, Shandong Province, 266109, China

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