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Geomechanics and Engineering
  Volume 21, Number 5, June10 2020 , pages 423-432
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/gae.2020.21.5.423
 


Hydraulic conductivity of cemented sand from experiments and 3D Image based numerical analysis
Sathya Subramanian, Yi Zhang, Ganapathiraman Vinoth, Juhyuk Moon and Taeseo Ku

 
Abstract
    Hydraulic conductivity is one of the engineering properties of soil. This study focusses on the influence of cement content on the hydraulic conductivity of cemented sand, which is investigated based on the results from numerical analysis and laboratory testing. For numerical analysis the cemented samples were scanned using X-ray Computed Tomography (CT) while laboratory testing was carried out using a triaxial setup. Numerical analysis enables us to simulate flow through the sample and provides insight to the microstructure. It quantifies the pore volume, proportion of interconnected voids and pore size distribution in both cemented and uncemented samples, which could be computed only through empirical equations in case of laboratory testing. With reduction in global voids, the interconnecting voids within the samples also reduce with cement content. Gamma cumulative distribution function is used to predict the percentage of voids lesser than a given pore volume. Finally, the results obtained from both numerical analysis and laboratory testing are compared.
 
Key Words
    lifecycle performance; stochastic deterioration modelling; structural reliability; reinforcement corrosion; residual strength
 
Address
Sathya Subramanian, Yi Zhang and Taeseo Ku: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National University of Singapore, 1 Engineering Drive 2, 117576 Singapore

Ganapathiraman Vinoth: Department of Civil Engineering, The University of British Columbia, 6250 Applied Science Ln #2002, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada

Juhyuk Moon: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Seoul National University, Kwanak-gu Kwanak-ro 1, 35-412, Seoul 08826, Korea
 

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