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Geomechanics and Engineering
  Volume 21, Number 2, April25 2020, pages 187-200
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/gae.2020.21.2.187
 


Study on the behaviour of pre-existing single piles to adjacent shield tunnelling by considering the changes in the tunnel face pressures and the locations of the pile tips
Young-Jin Jeon, Seung-Chan Jeon, Sang-Joon Jeon and Cheol-Ju Lee

 
Abstract
    In the current work, a series of three-dimensional finite element analyses have been conducted to investigate the behaviour of pre-existing single piles in response to adjacent tunnelling by considering the tunnel face pressures and the relative locations of the pile tips with respect to the tunnel. Via numerical modelling, the effect of the face pressures on the pile behaviour has been analysed. In addition, the analyses have concentrated on the ground settlements, the pile head settlements and the shear stress transfer mechanism at the pile-soil interface. The settlements of the pile directly above the tunnel crown (with a vertical distance between the pile tip and the tunnel crown of 0.25D, where D is the tunnel diameter) with a face pressure of 50% of the in situ horizontal soil stress at the tunnel springline decreased by approximately 38% compared to the corresponding pile settlements with the minimum face pressure, namely, 25% of the in situ horizontal soil stress at the tunnel springline. Furthermore, the smaller the face pressure is, the larger the tunnelling-induced ground movements, the axial pile forces and the interface shear stresses. The ground settlements and the pile settlements were heavily affected by the face pressures and the positions of the pile tip with respect to the tunnel. When the piles were inside the tunnel influence zone, tensile forces were induced on piles, while compressive pile forces were expected to develop for piles that are outside the influence zone and on the boundary. In addition, the computed results have been compared with relevant previous studies that were reported in the literature. The behaviour of the piles that is triggered by adjacent tunnelling has been extensively examined and analysed by considering the several key features in substantial detail.
 
Key Words
    numerical modelling and analysis; shear transfer mechanism; shield TBM; soil-structure interaction; tunnel face pressure; tunnel influence zone
 
Address
Young-Jin Jeon, Seung-Chan Jeon, Sang-Joon Jeon and Cheol-Ju Lee: Department of Civil Engineering, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Korea
 

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