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Geomechanics and Engineering
  Volume 18, Number 1, May20 2019 , pages 097-109
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/gae.2019.18.1.097
 


Study on failure and subsidence law of frozen soil layer in coal mine influenced by physical conditions
Yaning Zhang, Zhanbo Cheng and Huayong Lv

 
Abstract
    Physical conditions play vital role on the mechanical properties of frozen soil, especially for the temperature and moisture content of frozen soil. Subsequently, they influence the subsidence and stress law of permafrost layer. Taking Jiangcang No. 1 Coal Mine as engineering background, combined with laboratory experiment, field measurements and empirical formula to obtain the mechanical parameters of frozen soil, the thick plate mechanical model of permafrost was established to evaluate the safety of permafrost roof. At the same time, FLAC3D was used to study the influence of temperature and moisture content on the deformation and stress law of frozen soil layer. The results show that the failure tensile stress of frozen soil is larger than the maximum tensile stress of permafrost roof occurring in the process of mining. It indicates that the permafrost roof cannot collapse under the conditions of moisture content in the range from 20% to 27% as well as temperature in the range from -35oC to -15oC. Moreover, the maximum subsidence of the upper and lower boundary of the overlying permafrost layer decreases with the increase of moisture content in the range of 15% to 27% or the decrease of temperature in the range of -35oC to -15oC if the temperature or moisture content keeps consistent with -25oC or 20%, respectively.
 
Key Words
    frozen soil; physical conditions; failure law; subsidence and stress laws
 
Address
Yaning Zhang and Huayong Lv: 1.) School of Energy and Mining Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
2.) Coal Industry Engineering Research Center of Top-coal Caving Mining, Beijing 100083, China

Zhanbo Cheng: 1.)School of Energy and Mining Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
2.)Coal Industry Engineering Research Center of Top-coal Caving Mining, Beijing 100083, China
3.)School of Engineering, University of Warwick, Coventry CV47AL, U.K.
 

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