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Geomechanics and Engineering   Volume 16, Number 5, December10 2018, pages 495-501
Discrete element modelling of geogrids with square and triangular apertures
Cheng Chen, Glenn McDowell and Rui Rui

Abstract     [Buy Article]
    Geogrid application that has proved to be an effective and economic method of reinforcing particles, is widely used in geotechnical engineering. The discrete element method (DEM) has been used to investigate the micro mechanics of the geogrid deformation and also the interlocking mechanism that cannot be easily studies in laboratory tests. Two types of realistically shaped geogrid models with square and triangle apertures were developed using parallel bonds in PFC3D. The calibration test simulations have demonstrated that the precisely shaped triangular geogrid model is also able to reproduce the deformation and strength characteristics of geogrids. Moreover, the square and triangular geogrid models were also used in DEM pull-out test simulations with idealized shape particle models for validation. The simulation results have been shown to provide good predictions of pullout force as a function of displacement especially for the initial 30 mm displacement. For the granular material of size 40 mm, both the experimental and DEM results demonstrate that the triangular geogrid of size 75 mm outperforms the square geogrid of size 65 mm. Besides, the simulations have given valuable insight into the interaction between particle and geogrid and also revealed similar deformation behavior of geogrids during pullout. Therefore, the DEM provides a tool which enable to model other possible prototype geogrid and investigate their performance before manufacture.
Key Words
    DEM, geogrid; aperture shape; deformation behavior; interlocking mechanism; pullout test
Cheng Chen and Rui Rui: School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, 430070 China

Glenn McDowell: Nottingham Center for Geomechanics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, U.K.

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