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Geomechanics and Engineering
  Volume 15, Number 5, August10 2018 , pages 1101-1111

Static behavior of a laterally loaded guardrail post in sloping ground by LS-DYNA
Kwang S. Woo, Dong W. Lee, Seung H. Yang and Jae S. Ahn

    This study aims to present accurate soil modeling and validation of a single roadside guardrail post as well as a single concrete pile installed near cut slopes or compacted sloping embankment. The conventional Winkler\'s elastic spring model and p-y curve approach for horizontal ground cannot directly be applied to sloping ground where ultimate soil resistance is significantly dependent on ground inclination. In this study, both grid-based 3-D FE model and particle-based SPH (smoothed particle hydrodynamics) model available in LS-DYNA have been adopted to predict the static behavior of a laterally loaded guardrail post. The SPH model has potential to eliminate any artificial soil stiffness due to the deterioration of the node-connected Lagrangian soil mesh. For this purpose, this study comprises two parts. Firstly, only 3-D FE modeling has been tested to show the numerical validity for a single concrete pile in sloping ground using Mohr-Coulomb material. However, this material option cannot be implemented for SPH elements. Nevertheless, Mohr-Coulomb model has been used since this material model requires six input soil data that can be obtained from the comparative papers in literatures. Secondly, this work is extended to compute the lateral resistance of a guardrail post located near the slope using the hybrid approach that combines Lagrange FE elements and SPH elements by the suitable node-merging option provided by LS-DYNA. For this analysis, the FHWA soil material developed for application to road-base soils has been used and also allows the application of SPH element.
Key Words
    finite element method; nonlinearity; numerical analyses; soil modeling; soil-structure interaction
Kwang S. Woo and Seung H. Yang: Department of Civil Engineering, Yeungnam University, 280 Daehak-Ro, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 38541, Republic of Korea

Dong W. Lee: 2Soohyung Industry Development Co. Ltd. 47-16 Gongdan-ro 11-gil, Waegwan-eup, Chilgok-gun, Gyeongbuk 39910, Republic of Korea

Jae S. Ahn: School of General Education, Yeungnam University, 280 Daehak-Ro, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 38541, Republic of Korea

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