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Geomechanics and Engineering
  Volume 15, Number 4, July20 2018, pages 987-995

OCR evaluation of cohesionless soil in centrifuge model using shear wave velocity
Hyung Ik Cho, Chang Guk Sun, Jae Hyun Kim and Dong Soo Kim

    In this study, a relationship between small-strain shear modulus (Gmax) and overconsolidation ratio (OCR) based on shear wave velocity (VS) measurement was established to identify the stress history of centrifuge model ground. A centrifuge test was conducted in various centrifugal acceleration levels including loading and unloading sequences to cause various stress histories on centrifuge model ground. The VS and vertical effective stress were measured at each level of acceleration. Then, a sensitivity analysis was conducted using testing data to ensure the suitability of OCR function for the tested cohesionless soils and found that OCR can be estimated based on VS measurements irrespective of normally-consolidated or overconsolidated loading conditions. Finally, the developed Gmax-OCR relationship was applied to centrifuge models constructed and tested under various induced stress-history conditions. Through a series of tests, it was concluded that the induced stress history on centrifuge model by compaction, g-level variation, and past overburden load can be analysed quantitatively, and it is convinced that the OCR evaluation technique will contribute to better interpret the centrifuge test results.
Key Words
    overconsolidation ratio (OCR); shear wave velocity (VS); centrifuge tests
Hyung Ik Cho and Chang Guk Sun: Earthquake Research Center, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources,
124 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34132, Republic of Korea

Jae Hyun Kim: Department of Infrastructure Safety Research, Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology, 283 Goyangdae-ro, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 10223, Republic of Korea

Dong Soo Kim: Department of Civil Engineering, Korean Advanced Institute of Science and Technology,
291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34141, Republic of Korea

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