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Geomechanics and Engineering
  Volume 14, Number 1, January20 2018 , pages 51-60

A new model for T-shaped combined footings part I: Optimal dimensioning
Arnulfo Luévanos-Rojas, Sandra López-Chavarria and Manuel Medina-Elizondo

    The foundations are classified into shallow and deep, which have important differences: in terms of geometry, the behavior of the soil, its structural functionality, and its constructive systems. The shallow foundations may be of various types according to their function; isolated footings, combined footings, strip footings, and slabs foundation. The isolated footings are of the type rectangular, square and circular. The combined footing may be rectangular, trapezoidal or T-shaped in plan. This paper presents a new model for T-shaped combined footings to obtain the most economical contact surface on the soil (optimal dimensioning) to support an axial load and moment in two directions to each column. The new model considers the soil real pressure, i.e., the pressure varies linearly. The classical model uses the technique of test and error, i.e., a dimension is proposed, and subsequently, the equation of the biaxial bending is used to obtain the stresses acting on each vertex of the T-shaped combined footing, which must meet the conditions following: The minimum stress should be equal or greater than zero, and maximum stress must be equal or less than the allowable capacity that can withstand the soil. To illustrate the validity of the new model, numerical examples are presented to obtain the minimum area of the contact surface on the soil for T-shaped combined footings subjected to an axial load and moments in two directions applied to each column.
Key Words
    T-shaped combined footings; optimal dimensioning; contact surface; more economical dimension; minimum area
Arnulfo Luévanos-Rojas, Sandra López-Chavarria and Manuel Medina-Elizondo: Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila, Blvd. Revolución No, 151 Ote, CP 27000, Torreón, Coahuila, Mexico

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