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Geomechanics and Engineering
  Volume 14, Number 1, January20 2018 , pages 99-105
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/gae.2018.14.1.099
 


Influence of coarse particles on the physical properties and quick undrained shear strength of fine-grained soils
Tae-Woong Park, Hyeong-Joo Kim, Mohammad Taimur Tanvir, Jang-Baek Lee and Sung-Gil Moon

 
Abstract
    Soils are generally classified as fine-grained or coarse-grained depending on the percentage content of the primary constituents. In reality, soils are actually made up of mixed and composite constituents. Soils primarily classified as fine-grained, still consists of a range of coarse particles as secondary constituents in between 0% to 50%. A laboratory scale model test was conducted to investigate the influence of coarse particles on the physical (e.g., density, water content, and void ratio) and mechanical (e.g., quick undrained shear strength) properties of primarily classified fine-grained cohesive soils. Pure kaolinite clay and sand-mixed kaolinite soil (e.g., sand content: 10%, 20%, and 30%) having various water contents (60%, 65%, and 70%) were preconsolidated at different stress levels (0, 13, 17.5, 22 kPa). The quick undrained shear strength properties were determined using the conventional Static Cone Penetration Test (SCPT) method and the new Fall Cone Test (FCT) method. The corresponding void ratios and densities with respect to the quick undrained shear strength were also observed. Correlations of the physical properties and quick undrained shear strengths derived from the SCPT and FCT were also established. Comparison of results showed a significant relationship between the two methods. From the results of FCT and SCPT, there is a decreasing trend of quick undrained shear strength, strength increase ratio (Su/Po), and void ratio (e) as the sand content is increased. The quick undrained shear strength generally decreases with increased water content. For the same water content, increasing the sand content resulted to a decrease in quick undrained shear strength due to reduced adhesion, and also, resulted to an increase in density. Similarly, it is observed that the change in density is distinctively noticeable at sand content greater than 20%. However, for sand content lower than 10%, there is minimal change in density with respect to water content. In general, the results showed a decrease in quick undrained shear strength for soils with higher amounts of sand content. Therefore, as the soil adhesion is reduced, the cone penetration resistances of the FCT and SCPT reflects internal friction and density of sand in the total shear strength.
 
Key Words
    fall cone test; static cone penetration test; kinetic energy; physical properties; quick undrained shear strength; bearing capacity factor
 
Address
Tae-Woong Park, Hyeong-Joo Kim, Mohammad Taimur Tanvir, Jang-Baek Lee and Sung-Gil Moon: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Kunsan National University, Gunsan 54150, Republic of Korea
 

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