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Geomechanics and Engineering
  Volume 13, Number 6, December 2017, pages 1045-1055
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/gae.2017.13.6.1045
 


Experimental and numerical investigation of the effect of sample shapes on point load index
Hadi Haeri, Vahab Sarfarazi, Alireza Bagher Shemirani and Seyed Shahin Hosseini

 
Abstract
    Tensile strength is considered key properties for characterizing rock material in engineering project. It is determined by direct and indirect methods. Point load test is a useful testing method to estimate the tensile strengths of rocks. In this paper, the effects of rock shape on the point load index of gypsum are investigated by PFC2D simulation. For PFC simulating, initially calibration of PFC was performed with respect to the Brazilian experimental data to ensure the conformity of the simulated numerical models response. In second step, nineteen models with different shape were prepared and tested under point load test. According to the obtained results, as the size of the models increases, the point load strength index increases. It is also found that the shape of particles has no major effect on its tensile strength. Our findings show that the dominant failure pattern for numerical models is breaking the model into two pieces. Also a criterion was rendered numerically for determination of tensile strength of gypsum. The proposed criteria were cross checked with the results of experimental point load test.
 
Key Words
    point load test; failure pattern; breakage; PFC2D
 
Address
Hadi Haeri: Young Researchers and Elite Club, Bafgh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bafgh, Iran

Vahab Sarfarazi: Department of Mining Engineering, Hamedan University of Technology, Hamedan, Iran

Alireza Bagher Shemirani: Department of Civil Engineering, Sadra Institute of Higher Education, Tehran, Iran

Seyed Shahin Hosseini: Department of Civil Engineering, Aria University of Sciences and Sustainability, Tehran, Iran
 

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