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Geomechanics and Engineering
  Volume 13, Number 5, November 2017 , pages 775-791

A study on surface wave dispersion due to the effect of soft layer in layered media
Narayan Roy, Ravi S. Jakka and H.R. Wason

    Surface wave techniques are widely used as non-invasive method for geotechnical site characterization. Field surface wave data are collected and analyzed using different processing techniques to generate the dispersion curves, which are further used to extract the shear wave velocity profile by inverse problem solution. Characteristics of a dispersion curve depend on the subsurface layering information of a vertically heterogeneous medium. Sometimes soft layer can be found between two stiff layers in the vertically heterogeneous media, and it can affect the wave propagation dramatically. Now most of the surface wave techniques use the fundamental mode Rayleigh wave propagation during the inversion, but this may not be the actual scenario when a soft layer is present in a vertically layered medium. This paper presents a detailed and comprehensive study using finite element method to examine the effect of soft layers which sometimes get trapped between two high velocity layers. Determination of the presence of a soft layer is quite important for proper mechanical characterization of a soil deposit. Present analysis shows that the thickness and position of the trapped soft layer highly influence the dispersion of Rayleigh waves while the higher modes also contribute in the resulting wave propagation.
Key Words
    dispersion; surface wave; finite element; frequency-wave number analysis; soft layer; Rayleigh wave
Narayan Roy, Ravi S. Jakka and H.R. Wason: Department of Earthquake Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India

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