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Geomechanics and Engineering
  Volume 13, Number 3, September 2017 , pages 461-446

The effect of compression load and rock bridge geometry on the shear mechanism of weak plane
Vahab Sarfarazi, Hadi Haeri and Alireza Bagher Shemirani

    Rock bridges in rock masses would increase the bearing capacity of Non-persistent discontinuities. In this paper the effect of ratio of rock bridge surface to joint surface, rock bridge shape and normal load on failure behaviour of intermittent rock joint were investigated. A total of 42 various models with dimensions of 15 cm × 15 cm × 15 cm of plaster specimens were fabricated simulating the open joints possessing rock bridge. The introduced rock bridges have various continuities in shear surface. The area of the rock bridge was 45 cm2 and 90 cm2 out of the total fixed area of 225 cm2 respectively. The fabricated specimens were subjected to shear tests under normal loads of 0.5 MPa, 2 MPa and 4 MPa in order to investigate the shear mechanism of rock bridge. The results indicated that the failure pattern and the failure mechanism were affected by two parameters; i.e., the ratio of joint surface to rock bridge surface and normal load. So that increasing in joint area in front of the rock bridge changes the shear failure mode to tensile failure mode. Also the tensile failure change to shear failure by increasing the normal load.
Key Words
    rock bridges; joint; normal loads; shear and tensile failure mode
(1) Vahab Sarfarazi:
Department of Mining Engineering, Hamedan University of Technology, Hamedan, Iran;
(2) Hadi Haeri:
Young Researchers and Elite Club, Bafgh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bafgh, Iran;
(3) Alireza Bagher Shemirani:
Department of Civil Engineering, Sadra Institute of Higher Education, Tehran, Iran;
(4) Alireza Bagher Shemirani:
Department of Civil Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.

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